Most Common Cancer Found5 Most Common Cancers in Men
Among Men in the US
Prostate cancer might get all the public awareness campaigns, but to protect men's health, there are additional cancers guys should guard against.
By Chris Iliades, MD
Medically Reviewed by Lindsey Marcellin, MD, MPH
The five most common cancers among American men are:
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Now that you know what to watch for, get your cancer IQ up to date with the basics on each of these threats to your health.
Deadliest Forms Of Cancer
Those Affected by the Disease
Ten Deadlist Forms of Cancer
Those Affected by this Disease by Amanda Chan
1. Lung and bronchial cancer: 792,495 lives
Lung and bronchial cancer is the top killer cancer in the United States. Smoking and use of tobacco products are the major causes of it, and it strikes most often between the ages of 55 and 65, according to the NCI. There are two major types: non-small cell lung cancer, which is the most common, and small cell lung cancer, which spreads more quickly. More than 157,000 people are expected to die of lung and bronchial cancer in 2010.
2. Colon and rectal cancer: 268,783 lives
Colon cancer grows in the tissues of the colon, whereas rectal cancer grows in the last few inches of the large intestine near the anus, according to the National Cancer Institute. Most cases begin as clumps of small, benign cells called polyps that over time become cancerous. Screening is recommended to find the polyps before they become cancerous, according to the Mayo Clinic. Colorectal cancer is expected to kill more than 51,000 people in 2010.
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3. Breast cancer: 206,983 lives
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women in the United States, after skin cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic. It can also occur in men — there were nearly 2,000 male cases between 2003 and 2008. The cancer usually forms in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple or the glands that produce the milk in women. Nearly 40,000 people are expected to die from breast cancer in 2010, according to the NCI.
4. Pancreatic cancer: 162,878 lives
Pancreatic cancer begins in the tissues of the pancreas, which aids digestion and metabolism regulation. Detection and early intervention are difficult because it often progressives stealthily and rapidly, according to the Mayo Clinic. Pancreatic cancer is expected to claim nearly 37,000 lives in 2010, according to the NCI.
5. Prostate cancer: 144,926 lives
This cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths in men, after lung and bronchial cancer, according to the NCI. Prostate cancer usually starts to grow slowly in the prostate gland, which produces the seminal fluid to transport sperm. Some types remain confined to the gland, and are easier to treat, but others are more aggressive and spread quickly, according to the Mayo Clinic. Prostate cancer is expected to kill about 32,000 men in 2010, according to the NCI.
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6. Leukemia: 108,740 lives
There are many types of leukemia, but all affect the blood-forming tissues of the body, such as the bone marrow and the lymphatic system, and result in an overproduction of abnormal white blood cells, according to the NCI. Leukemia types are classified by how fast they progress and which cells they affect; a type called acute myelogenous leukemia killed the most people — 41,714 — between 2003 and 2007. Nearly 22,000 people are expected to die from leukemia in 2010.
7. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: 104,407 lives
This cancer affects the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, and is characterized by larger lymph nodes, fever and weight loss. There are several types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and they are categorized by whether the cancer is fast- or slow-growing and which type of lymphocytes are affected, according to the NCI. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is deadlier than Hodgkin lymphoma, and is expected to kill more than 20,000 people in 2010.
8. Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer: 79,773 lives
Liver cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer around the world, but is uncommon in the United States, according to the Mayo Clinic. However, its rates in America are rising. Most liver cancer that occurs in the U.S. begins elsewhere and then spreads to the liver. A closely related cancer is intrahepatic bile duct cancer, which occurs in the duct that carries bile from the liver to the small intestine. Nearly 19,000 Americans are expected to die from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer in 2010, according to the NCI.
9. Ovarian cancer: 73,638 lives
Ovarian cancer was the No. 4 cause of cancer death in women between 2003 and 2007, according to the NCI. The median age of women diagnosed with it is 63. The cancer is easier to treat but harder to detect in its early stages, but recent research has brought light to early symptoms that may aid in diagnosis, according to the Mayo Clinic. Those symptoms include abdominal discomfort, urgency to urinate and pelvic pain. Nearly 14,000 women are expected to die of ovarian cancer in 2010, according to the NCI.
10. Esophageal cancer: 66,659 lives
This cancer starts in the cells that line the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach) and usually occurs in the lower part of the esophagus, according to the Mayo Clinic. More men than women died from esophageal cancer between 2003 and 2007, according to the NCI. It is expected to kill 14,500 people in 2010.
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Cervical Cancer Screen - Pap Smear
Treatment options for abnormal Pap smears
Treatment options vary depending on the type of abnormality you have. Low grade changes generally do not require treatment as any changes to your cells are generally caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
It is important to have your abnormality treated as it is highly likely that you will be cured. If you leave your abnormality untreated, you are at risk of developing cervical cancer.
Wire loop excision
Also known as a Large Loop Excision of Transformation Zone (LLETZ). This method removes the abnormal cells with a wire loop. Immediately after the cells are removed, heat is used to stop any bleeding.
Most procedures take about 15 to 30 minutes and can be performed under a local anaesthetic in a clinic setting or you can request a general anaesthetic in a day surgery. After your procedure you should be able to return to normal activities within two to three days.
This method removes the abnormal cells are using heat from a laser beam. A speculum is inserted to open the vagina and allow the cervix to be clearly seen. A local anaesthetic is used and a solution is applied to make the abnormal cells easier to see.
Most procedures take about 20 to 30 minutes and can be performed at your specialist’s room, hospital or clinic under local anaesthetic. If a general anaesthetic is used, you will be required to stay overnight in a hospital or day surgery. After your procedure you should be able to return to normal activities within a few days of treatment.
In this minor operation, a cone-shaped section of the cervix containing the abnormal cells is removed. This treatment option is recommended if abnormal cells are higher in the cervical canal and/or affect the glandular cells or to remove potentially cancerous cells.
As this procedure uses a general anaesthetic, you will be required to be admitted into hospital for day surgery or overnight. After a cone biopsy, it is recommended that you avoid heavy physical work and take things easy for a few days.
Care after treatment
Some women experience cramps and abdominal pain for a day or two after treatment. It is also quite normal to have a vaginal discharge that may be clear or blood-stained.
A light, bloody discharge may continue for two to four weeks after treatment, and occasionally longer. If the discharge becomes smelly or turns to heavy bleeding, you should contact your treating specialist.
If you develop a fever or pain in the lower abdomen you should contact your doctor. This may indicate an infection.
For three to four weeks after treatment, you are advised to avoid sex to allow your cervix to heal.
Risks of treatment
Some of these procedures can weaken your cervix which may cause problems during pregnancy. If you are considering becoming pregnant, or are pregnant, and have previously had treatment, let your doctor, obstetrician or midwife know as you will need to have special check-ups during your pregnancy.
Women's Health Center - TTimes World Health
Finding A Doctor and Health Care Specialist Online
Now Easy on Healtcare800
As the Internet increases access to all major aspects of life, so is the use of the technology also increasing in health care. Now you can find a doctor in any specialty, in your city at the zip closest to you, make an appointment online, get a confirmation email or SMS message within 5 minutes and off you go to your doctors appointment.
Healthcare.com a Fairfax, Virginia based online telecom company is leading the way in developing the online technology that allows patients to make appointment online directly to their doctors online electronic medical systems, confirms the appointment and allows you to communicate directly with your providers online. Any patients can contact their doctor or dentist, get their medication refill online, schedule an appointment any day, any time with their provider. To see how this can serve you visit www.healthcare800.com today and find a provider in your area.
How to Select Best Health Insurance
View from Healthcare800
Most people get health insurance through an employer. If you’re one of them, you won’t need to use the government insurance exchanges, or marketplaces. Essentially, your work is your marketplace according to report from Healthcare800.com health insurance evaluation.
If your employer offers health insurance and you still wish to search for an alternative plan in the exchanges, you can. But plans in the marketplace are likely to cost a lot more. Most employers that provide insurance pay a portion of workers’ premiums, so they’ll likely offer the least expensive option.
If your job doesn’t provide a health insurance benefit, shop on your state’s Affordable Care Act marketplace, if available, or the federal marketplace to find the lowest premiums. Start by going to HealthCare.gov and entering your ZIP code. You’ll be sent to your state’s exchange if your state is green on the map below. Otherwise, you’ll use the federal marketplace.
Preferred Language in International Business
English Takes The Commnanding Lead
Nearly every meeting Keiko Claassen must attend at work is held in English. No big deal – except that her company is based in Italy and she’s Dutch.
At one recent meeting where she was the only non-Italian in the room, her colleagues stopped speaking English – the common language between them – because someone had trouble following the conversation.
“It was like watching a movie,” says Claasen. “As soon as they switched… you could see their culture come to life.”
It’ll be English-only for the leadership teams responsible for 500,000 employees across 80 countries
At ITT Motion Technologies, an Lainate, Italy-based engineering company where Classen is executive director of communications, every senior staffer is expected to speak English and most communications are delivered in English. While it’s not considered an official corporate language, with 4,500 employees working in several countries, including Japan, China, India and Germany, it’s the only language that everyone can generally speak in common – even if speaking doesn’t mean always fully understanding.
In other firms, such as France-based food services company Sodexo, English is being adopted as an official language. After years of translating emails, webinars and other materials into as many as eight languages, including French, English and Spanish, or holding massive town-hall meetings in multiple languages, the company announced in January that its senior leadership team would be embracing English. By year-end, it’ll be English-only for the leadership teams that are responsible for its 500,000 employees across 80 countries.
Folarin, Three Others Apply For Bail
Teslim Folarin, Senate majority leader, and three other suspects remanded in prison over the alleged killing of Lateef Salako (aka Eleweomo), factional leader of the National Union of Road Transport Worker (NURTW), applied for bail at an Oyo state High Court on Thursday.
An Oyo state chief magistrate, Shakirat Badrudeen, ordered the four men to be remanded in prison custody until January 14 when their case would be reopened for mention.
They were arraigned on Tuesday on a two-count charge of felony (conspiracy to murder) and murder of Mr Salako who was gruesomely killed after the local government congress of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) at Ona Ara, Oyo state, last Thursday.
Though the magistrate agreed with the argument of Oluwarotimi Akeredolu, former president of the Nigerian Bar Association who led the team of lawyers defending Mr Folarin and others, that the court lacks the jurisdiction to hear criminal matters, Ms Badrudeen, still adjourned the case till January 14, for mention.
The other accused persons are Ramoni Jayeola Bankole, Olaide Raji and Raimi Ismaila.
Filing the bail application on Thursday, Mr Akeredolu, supported the documents with a 44-page affidavit. In the application tagged M/8/2011, the applicants joined the state attorney general and the state commissioner of police.
For the whole of Wednesday, Mr Akeredolu and his team had brain-stormed on the modalities to hasten the bail of the senate leader, who had been in custody since Monday when he honoured the police invitation to come and write his statement on the death of Mr Salako.
The Agodi prison, where the accused were detained, was still bustling yesterday with Mr Folarin’s sympathizers. It appeared as though the senate leader had the support of prominent Ibadan political and business leaders. Prisons officials faced a heavy volume of visitors calling at the prison throughout the day to see the politician.
Baba Adisa Bolanta, Oyo State commissioner of police, has, however hinted that more people will be declared wanted by the police today (Friday) over Mr Salako’s death.
Mr Bolanta, who disclosed this to journalists in Ibadan on Thursday, said the police are yet to close the case on the murder as many other suspects are yet to be apprehended. He opined that the command should be commended for its efforts in unraveling the mystery behind the killing of the unionist in the past week
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With something for everyone including stories about Nigerian Election 2011 decision makers and a National Tracking Poll that promises to correctly predict the winners of Presidential, Governotorial and other local elections in April 2011.
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JAMES PATTERSON'S PRIVATE
From the world's Best selling Thriller writer
Jack Morgan is a war hero. Returning home from Afghanistan after being wounded, Jack is called into California State Prison to visit his father, Tom, who is serving a life sentence for extortion and murder. Before being incarcerated, Tom ran a private investigation firm called 'Private'. Tom wants Jack to re-start the company, to make it great again, and gives him access to a $15 million dollar account in the Cayman Islands to do it with. Five years later and Jack has set up offices spanning the globe. Private's services are much sought-after and Jack has clients ranging from movie stars to politicians. Jack is keen to keep the business legal and not fall into the same traps as his father. But when the mob come calling, they are not easy to refuse. On a rare night off accompanying a client to the Golden Globe awards, Jack receives a phone call from school friend Abbie Cushman. Abbie's wife has been murdered and he desperately needs Jack's help. The murder is brutal and with no apparent motive; fingers begin pointing towards Abbie. Jack is certain that Abbie didn't kill his wife, but he will have to work night and day to prove it. Meanwhile, Jack's second-in-command at Private, Justine Smith, is helping the L.A.P.D. in a serial killer investigation. Over the past two years, twelve school girls from the same area in L.A. have been murdered. The killings are highly professional and so far the Police have no leads whatsoever. Justine has been called in to make use of her experience and Private's resources. A breakthrough is desperately needed, because these killings show no signs of stopping.
About the Author
JAMES PATTERSON is one of the best-known and biggest-selling writers of all time. He is the author of some of the most popular series of the past decade: the Women's Murder Club, the Alex Cross novels and Maximum Ride, and he has written many other number one bestsellers including romance novels and stand-alone thrillers. He lives in Florida with his wife and son. James is passionate about encouraging both adults and children alike to read. This has led him to forming a partnership with the National Literacy Trust, an independent, UK-based charity that changes lives through literacy.
Why Women Fair Better Than Men in Recession Economy
By Roxanne Riviera
New York, NY (February 2010)—The recession has made 2009 a difficult year for many Americans. But has it affected men more negatively than women? Recent statistics from the Bureau of Labor Statistics might indicate as much. The BLS recently released statistics showing that 78 percent of jobs lost during the recession were held by men, and that women's wages have risen by 1.2 percent more than men's over the past two years.
These numbers have some calling the recent recession a "he-cession," while others point out that these numbers could be interpreted in a variety of ways. For example, more jobs may have been lost by men because many of the jobs that have been cut were in the manufacturing and construction industries. And women's wages may have risen at a faster rate, but most women are still making less than the men doing the same jobs as them.
Why might that be? Rivera points to a number of inherent qualities that may make women better suited to handle the challenges of the recession:
Women are used to stress. The reason women might be better at handling the stress that comes with the recession better than men is two-fold. First, many women, regardless of industry, work in "boys' club"-type environments. They are used to dealing with the added stress that comes with feeling like they have to constantly be working at a higher level than the men at their organizations. Secondly, women are used to multi-tasking. They know that their success is measured by others based on how well they juggle their work and home lives.
"Most women have learned how to deal with the stress that these scenarios create," says Rivera. "For example, women aren't afraid to express their emotions, either through a one-on-one pep talk with a friend or through a private cry. They are able to get their emotions out, find solutions, and move on. And while men might not necessarily be less emotional than women, there is a stigma that exists with men who show their emotions. Because of that stigma, many men keep their emotions hidden and as a result can't handle the recession stress quite as well as their female counterparts."
Women are not defined solely by their jobs. Men are ego-driven. They tend to measure their self-worth by how much money they are making, their ability to provide for their families, and their position at work. Women, however, define themselves by their relationships inside and outside work. They take into account the kind of work they are doing and how they are helping others. Because of this, women aren't taking as big of a hit to the ego as men, which is helping them keep their heads up during the recession.
"Though the dynamic is balancing out, for the most part, women are running America's households," says Rivera. "At the end of their work day, they also have to make sure everyone is where they are supposed to be, that dinner is on the table, that the bills are paid, and on and on. It is easier for them to assume a 'life goes on' mentality, because they have all of these other factors to deal with. Men, on the other hand, because they generally aren't worrying about all of these other factors at home, can get bogged down in the negatives they have to deal with at work."
Women build strong support networks. Throughout history, women have had to unite in order to gain equal footing with men both inside and outside the workplace. Because of this history, there are many networks and women's associations already in existence, places women know they can go for support and advice.
"Women have well-organized associations and other groups because we have to," says Rivera. "It provides the strength in numbers we need to ensure we keep making progress toward complete equality. These groups have been very beneficial in the recession because women know exactly where to go for advice and information. Outside of these groups and associations, women are also great at developing what I call a 'band of sisters.' We are very effective at providing one another with emotional, informational, and psychological support. Having other women we can call on for information, advice, or heart-to-heart conversations can be a huge benefit, not only to our careers but also to our emotional health, especially in stress-enhanced times like the recession."
Women are wired to do business by "relationship." Relationships are of increasing importance to just about every company. The ability to forge strong relationships with external stakeholders—suppliers and customers—while also helping those within the company learn and grow are much-desired skills. Because women tend to be more empathetic than men, building these strong relationships often comes easier to them. They can tap into a caring nature more easily than men, which helps them relate to clients and employees who are struggling during this recession.
"Women often are better than men at all these tasks," says Rivera. "In fact, I would argue that a woman's ability to empathize and use her instincts provides her with significant advantages during the recession. They can use these qualities to forge alliances with and strengthen their customer base. They can strengthen their relationships with their banker, their CPA, etc. Relationships are key right now. And women have adjusted to using their innate qualities to build and nurture these working relationships when it matters most."
Women have always been the underdog. In 2008, according to the BLS, women earned a median weekly salary that was 80 percent of what men earned. And while this pay inequality may be one reason that women have lost their jobs at a slower rate than men during the recession, it also gives them a kind of underdog status. Women are used to having to fight for what they deserve—inside and outside the workplace.
"Our position as the underdog helps us in other ways," says Rivera. "We tend to be able to improvise and change plans on a dime when we see that something isn't working. Women are very resourceful. If one path doesn't work out, we correct and take another. These qualities are essential when trying to adjust work and home lives to the recession."
Women are not afraid to tighten their belts. For companies the recession means reduced spending, and that can sometimes translate to pay cuts and benefit cuts for employees. Practices that tend to affect men more negatively (at least in an emotional sense) than women.
"I don't know if this is built into our DNA, but to me it seems that women, in general, are not afraid to cut back and tighten our belts," says Rivera. "Maybe it's because we are used to managing the household budget or shopping on a shoestring, but we can stretch a dime if we have to. Women do what needs to be done to get the job done—whether that means taking a pay cut or reducing how much is spent on groceries each week."
Women lead by consensus. Women are very good at delegating and managing teams. They use their emotional intelligence to motivate their employees and encourage teamwork when it matters most.
"Where men might take on an 'every man for himself' mentality during the recession, women will use their ability to lead by consensus to provide value to their organizations," says Rivera. "They involve their people in finding ways to cut costs, constantly remind them that they are important—a necessity when companies cannot offer raises or other rewards—and, in general, just try to be part of the solution.
"Because they are used to taking on many different tasks in order to prove themselves, women—even those in leadership roles—are not afraid to help with the grunt work. They stay late when their people have to stay late, and so on. By assuming these responsibilities, women can better manage the morale of their teams, a factor that helps keep their employees motivated and working hard to get their companies through the recession."
Women are not afraid to seek out advice. It might be a stereotype, but the idea that men won't stop and ask for directions when they are lost holds true during a recession. Women simply seem more willing to seek out advice during these economic hard times.
"Maybe it's because women are so used to turning to one another for support or maybe it's because they simply know that they will need the advice of others to get ahead in a 'man's' world, but by and large, women are not reluctant to seek out advice," says Rivera. "Women are collaborative. They are more willing to take a let's-get-through-this-together mentality than men might be. They don't look at needing help as a sign of weakness, as many men might. They look at it as an opportunity to improve."
Women know how to build the bench.Women make great mentors. They know how important it is to invest in others, especially during a down economy. "Women know that investing in their employees or direct reports does not mean paying them more or promising big bonuses in the future," says Rivera. "It means giving them the support they need, helping them find pride in their work, and giving them positive feedback and encouragement. All of these elements come together to help women build a strong bench—a team that is motivated to get the job done even when it takes more work for less reward. Bottom line: Women make great leaders. And that is really shining through during the recession."
"At the end of the day, I think the most important thing to take away from this recession is not whether men or women have fared better, but the fact that women have become an integral part of our economy," says Rivera. "Women now make up almost half of the workforce and earn nearly half of the household income. And according to the Center for Women's Business Research, women-owned businesses pump $3 trillion annually into the economy and employ 23 million people. I can't wait to see how women in all industries continue to grow and flourish as the economy improves."
# # #
About the Author:
Roxanne is the president and CEO of the Associated Builders and Contractors of New Mexico. She also serves as New Mexico's liaison to the National Associated Builders and Contractors in Washington, DC.
Roxanne has been working in the construction industry for decades. In 1981, using a personal savings of $1,200, Rivera co-founded a sole proprietorship construction service business and grew it to a $13 million company that incorporated in 1989. She oversaw all operations and up to 100 employees plus subcontractors in three offices throughout New Mexico. She wrote, marketed, and secured multi-million-dollar contracts in both the government and private sectors.